Alternative names for the "count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as Graf in Germany and Hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era.In the late Roman Empire, the Latin title comes, meaning (imperial) "companion", denoted the high rank of various courtiers and provincial officials, either military or administrative: before Anthemius became emperor in the West in 467, he was military comes charged with strengthening defenses on the Danube frontier.See also various comital and related titles; especially those actually reigning over a principality: Gefürsteter Graf, Landgraf, Reichsgraf; compare Markgraf, Pfalzgraf The title of Conte is very prolific on the peninsula.
All children in comital families elevated before 1809 are called count/countess.In families elevated after 1809, only the head of the family is called count, the rest had a status similar to barons and were called by the equivalent of Mr/Ms/Mrs, before the recognition of titles of nobility was abolished. Examination dates uni mannheim The following lists are originally based on a Glossary on by Alexander Krischnig.carried the exclusive rank of pair; within the first (i.e.clerical) and second (noble) estates, the first three of the original twelve anciennes pairies were ducal, the next three comital comté-pairies: Later other countships (and duchies, even baronies) have been raised to this French peerage, but mostly as apanages (for members of the royal house) or for foreigners; after the 16th century all new peerages were always duchies and the medieval countship-peerages had died out, or were held by royal princes Other French countships of note included those of: A Graf ruled over a territory known as a Grafschaft ('county').
Women dating Greve
The male form is followed by the female, and when available, by the territorial circumscription.Since Louis VII (1137–80), the highest precedence amongst the vassals (Prince-bishops and secular nobility) of the French crown was enjoyed by those whose benefice or temporal fief was a pairie, i.e.In many Germanic and Frankish kingdoms in the early Middle Ages, a count might also be a count palatine, whose authority derived directly from the royal household, the "palace" in its original sense of the seat of power and administration. dating sider gratis Gribskov This other kind of count had vague antecedents in Late Antiquity too: the father of Cassiodorus held positions of trust with Theodoric, as comes rerum privatarum, in charge of the imperial lands, then as comes sacrarum largitionum ("count of the sacred doles"), concerned with the finances of the realm.The Papacy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies might appoint counts palatine with no particular territorial fief.
Until 1812 in some regions, the purchaser of land designated "feudal" was ennobled by the noble seat that he held and became a conte.
Younger brothers might be distinguished as "X dei conti di Y" ("X of the counts of Y").
However, if there is no male to inherit the title and the count has a daughter, in some regions she could inherit the title.
In the Western Roman Empire, Count came to indicate generically a military commander, but was not a specific rank.
In the Eastern Roman Empire, from about the seventh century, "count" was a specific rank indicating the commander of two centuries (i.e., 200 men).